The European Men-Who-Have-Sex-With-Men Web Survey

The European Men-Who-Have-Sex-With-Men Web Survey

The EMIS System. EMIS-2017 – The European Men-Who-Have-Sex-With-Men Web Survey. Key findings from 50 nations. Stockholm: European Centre for infection Prevention and Control; 2019.

This report presents an analysis that is comprehensive of outcomes of a 2017 study among males that have intercourse with males (MSM). On the basis of the reactions of some 128 000 individuals in European countries, it offers insights on the understanding of HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmitted infections (STI), sexual behaviour, prevention needs and evaluating practices.

Executive summary

Intercourse between guys continues to be the prevalent mode of HIV transmission into the EU/EEA nations, in which the very very first indications of the decline in reported brand brand new instances lead from a 20% fall in brand brand new diagnoses among MSM (2015-2017).

The Men-Who-Have-Sex-With-Men that is european Internet (EMIS-2017) gathered comparable information in 33 languages to comprehend modifications with time when you look at the behavior, requirements and interventions impacting HIV incidence among MSM additionally in comparison to results from the EMIS study this season. Nearly 128 000 males who possess intercourse with guys from 48 nations in European countries taken care of immediately the web survey in 2017. The outcomes reveal considerable distinctions throughout the countries reflecting Europe’s variety with regards to intimate health insurance and behavior of MSM.

The outcomes hence offer knowledge according to large-scale, comparable data from across European countries to simply help comprehend the impact of available avoidance and treatment programmes, such as the impact of appearing and changing behavioural styles and just how these facets impact risk behaviour among MSM. The report defines both MSM behaviour and requirements, alongside ensuing morbidities, in addition to most likely value of present solutions to handle these.

The reaction from 127 792 males who’ve intercourse with males to a study that concentrated on information about HIV and sexually transmitted infections, intimate behavior, access to care, HIV-related stigma and also the usage of solutions for HIV and sexual wellness is a solid indication that this team cares about HIV and intimate health problems. As an example, every 2nd (56%) respondent had gotten an HIV test end up in the very last year and very nearly half (46%) had tested for any other STI through the period that is same. The survey responses helped identifying a variety of needs in this group, as e.g at the same time. 41percent associated with participants would not realize that vaccination against hepatitis the and B is advised for MSM.

On the basis of the study outcomes, the report additionally summarises tips about just how to deal with identified needs and gaps. As an example, the writers conclude that nationwide avoidance programmes should continue steadily to offer and market comprehensive STI screening, tailored to your intimate repertoire of MSM. Decreasing the stigma connected with (homo) intimate methods, comprehensive assessment policies and affordable expenses are essential to adequate STI testing.

The survey findings make an effort to inform HIV and STI avoidance and care programmes as well as the data that are comparable track of nationwide progress in this region.

EMIS-2017 ended up being performed by Sigma analysis (London class of Hygiene and medicine that is tropical as an element of European studies and Training to boost MSM Community Health (ESTICOM). ESTICOM had been a three-year task (2016-2019) funded by the European Commission wellness Programme 2014-2020 through a tender by the Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency (Chafea). The tender asked for proof in regards to the health that is sexual of guys, bisexual guys along with other males that have intercourse with males across European countries.

A popular home pet that started in Central Australia, a beardie is really a kind of lizard that typically lives in desert lands, shrublands, and woodlands. All bearded dragons are created with prominent feminine traits, rendering it difficult to set a lady and a male dragon that is bearded.

But, differences when considering the 2 genders be a little more distinct while the lizard completely matures. This informative article provides information about the distinctions between your two.


A male bearded dragon possesses distinct faculties and faculties that only appear in the long run. A bearded dragon’s gender can only be determined once the lizard fully matures since newborn bearded dragons display prominent female features.

Physically, a male bearded dragon has a larger and a wider end, which has two notable bumps for each side. Men frequently expose their beard for 2 reasons that are main 1) as a kind of courtship and 2) as being a protection device. Since male bearded dragons are territorial in the wild, they bob their minds, puff their throats and show their beard showing superiority or violence towards a recognized danger.

A male dragon that is beardedleft) vs a female beardie (right)

A feminine beardie, having said that, has a smaller and a slimmer end that has a noticeable bump during the portion that is central. While the title suggests, bearded dragons, including females, are distinct for his or her beard or surges.

Female dragons that are bearded down their beard if they are either mating or warding off prospective predators. They have been less aggressive than their male counterparts, and so they typically wave their fingers as an indication of distribution when a female that is superior of their vicinity.

Male Bearded Dragon vs Female Beardie

So what’s the essential difference between a male and a feminine beardie?

You will find distinct differences when considering a male and a feminine dragon’s tail that is bearded. The end of male bearded dragons has two bumps in the underside, while a feminine bearded dragon’s tail just has one bump during the center part. a tail that is female’s tiny and slender while a male’s end is larger and wider.

Both sexes utilize their beards for either mating or showing violence. Nonetheless, men often expose their beard as a kind of courtship, while females utilize their beard to reduce the chances of prospective predators.

Additionally, male bearded dragons are territorial in general. When they are threatened by an invader, they puff their throats, bob their heads and open their mouths to appear more intimidating. Female bearded lizards, by comparison, are less aggressive. They often times wave their hands as an indication of distribution.

Male and female dragons that are bearded skilled at digging holes, nonetheless they utilize these holes for various purposes. While male dragons that are bearded holes to hibernate, females mainly dig holes to lay their eggs.